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保安业兴起较早的国家

来源:http://www.qdzhongtebao.com  点击次数:    发布时间:2018-07-16
自上个世纪60年代以来,日本便在经济发展的同时,注重为社会提供一种适合国情的保安服务。迄今,这种服务已经形成了颇有特色的日本保安模式:即在《保安法》的框架下,民间成立保安协会,通过保安协会沟通警察机关和保安企业。保安协会依据保安法对会员企业实行资格培训;保安企业可介入到人防、技防、押运等领域;警察机关依据法律对其监督、考查。于是在法律的框架内实现了民间和公共安全体系之间的良性互补,完善了社会服务体系。
Since the 60s of last century, Japan has been focusing on providing a security service suited to the national conditions for the society at the same time of economic development. So far, this service has formed a typical Japanese security model: under the framework of the security law, the civil security association is set up by the folk to communicate the police and security enterprises through the security association. The security association carries out the qualification training for the member enterprises according to the security law; the security enterprises can intervene in the fields of civil defence, technical defense and escort, and the police shall supervise and examine them according to the law. Thus, in the framework of the law, we have realized the benign complementarity between the civil and public safety system and improved the social service system.
在长达近50年的发展过程中,日本的保安企业又形成了以西科姆为龙头的格局,其西科姆公司占据日本保安业65%的市场份额。因此,从操作层面上看,研究日本的保安模式,就是研究西科姆的营运模式。
In the course of the development of nearly 50 years, the Japanese security enterprises have formed a pattern with the leading role of the West Kim, which occupies 65% of the market share of the Japanese security industry. Therefore, from the operational level, the study of Japan's security mode is to study the operation mode of the West Bank.
在日本,保安业是受警察厅负责社会安全的人身安全部监督的,保安从业公司为商业社团提供安全服务。据统计,截至2001年12月,日本共有235,000名警察,与保安员的比例约为1:551。日本警察机关对保安行业的行政指导、监督是通过一个民间组织“日本保安业协会”来完成的。它在警察机关和保安企业之间起着桥梁作用。该协会现任主席为饭田亮先生,他亦是日本大的保安企业--西科姆公司的总裁。同时,保安企业对行政方面的要求和建议也是通过该协会反映上去的。作为一个规范的组织,该协会还为会员公司提供保安培训、公共关系培训,并制定计划以便对会员企业实行考核,使它们更好地遵守日本1972年颁布的《保安法》。该法规定,从业人员必须遵守、接受资格培训,这是因为该行业从事的业务涉及第三方人身和财产安全。1982年修订了日本《保安法》追加了关于技防服务的新条款。警方特别强调运营公司必须保证服务运营系统的质量,因为只有当民间和公共运营体系达到一种完美的互补配合时,才能为全社会提供一种好的服务。为了实现警方与保安企业的关系互补,完善社会服务体系,日本《保安法》规定:一次出警由保安公司负责,在这一点上,日本的保安法与其他国家相比是非常特别的。也正是由于建立了此种稳定的配合关系,日本警察和保安公司之间无任何磨擦和冲突。
青岛保安服务公司
In Japan, the security industry is supervised by the Department of human security, which is responsible for social security by the police department, and security companies provide safety services for business associations. According to statistics, as of December 2001, there were 235000 policemen in Japan, with a ratio of 1:551 to security guards. The Japanese police's administrative guidance and supervision on the security industry is accomplished through a non-governmental organization, the Japanese Security Association. It plays a bridge role between the police and security enterprises. The current chairman of the association is Mr. Iida Ryo, who is also the president of the company, the largest security company in Japan. At the same time, the requirements and suggestions of security enterprises for administration are also reflected by the association. As a normative organization, the association also provides security training, public relations training for member companies and plans to assess member companies so that they can better comply with the security law issued by Japan in 1972. The law stipulates that practitioners must abide by and receive qualification training, because the business of the industry involves third party personal and property safety. In 1982, the Japanese Security Act was amended to add new provisions on technical and defensive services. The police especially stressed that the operation company must guarantee the quality of the service operation system, because only when the civil and public operation systems reach a perfect complementarity can provide the best service for the whole society. In order to realize the complementary relationship between the police and the security enterprises and improve the social service system, the Japanese security law stipulates that the first police officer is responsible for the security company. At this point, the security law of Japan is very special compared with other countries. It is precisely because of the establishment of such a stable relationship that there is no friction and conflict between Japanese police and security companies.
截至2001年12月,日本有9900家保安公司,该行业的从业者超过42万人。其中,有5186家公司从事人防保安,占从业人数的52.4%;有812家公司从事技术防范,从业人数超过3.3万人,占从业人数的8.2%。在日本,共有1228个控制中心,3990名管制人员,并提供24小时全天候的监控服务。日本全国有281,202个工作人员,13,479台紧急救护车辆,他们分别驻扎在8,736个紧急对应站中随时待命。到目前为止,有紧急救应系统的场所已突破了3100万家。其中,属于日本西科姆公司投资的有65万家,市场占有率为65%,截至2002年3月,西科姆公司拥有72万家用户,包括20万家家庭用户和52万家商业用户。
As of December 2001, there were 9900 security companies in Japan, with over 420 thousand practitioners in the industry. Among them, 5186 companies are engaged in civil defence security, accounting for 52.4% of the number of employees; 812 companies are engaged in technical prevention, and the number of employees is more than 33 thousand, accounting for 8.2% of the number of employees. In Japan, there are 1228 control centers, 3990 control personnel and 24 hour all-weather monitoring services. There are 281202 staff members and 13479 emergency ambulances in Japan. They are stationed in 8736 emergency correspondence stations at any time. So far, the emergency rescue system has exceeded 3100. Among them, there are 65 million invested by the Japanese company, with a market share of 65%. As of March 2002, the company owned 72 million users, including 20 million family users and 52 million commercial users.
更多的关于青岛保安服务公司或者详细的内容,请进入我们公司的网站:http://www.qdzhongtebao.com 网站中会有很多的内容仅供参考。
More about Qingdao security service or detailed content, please enter our company's website: there will be a lot of content on the http://www.qdzhongtebao.com website for reference only.